MAFF plans to start the Monitoring of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) in Pets
A national action plan on AMR was issued from the Cabinet Office in April 2016. In strategy 2.3: Strengthening Surveillance and Monitoring in the Fields of Veterinary Medicine, ‘establishment of surveillance and monitoring on antibiotic susceptibility in pets’ was determined as the strategy that needs to be tackled. Concerning the monitoring of AMR in zoology, the Japanese Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System; JVARM has been utilized since 1999 by the National Veterinary Assay Laboratory (NVAL) with the participation from the Domestic Livestock Hygiene Service Center. Monitoring has been conducted about bacteria: indicator, food-borne, and zoonotic bacteria derived from food-producing animals such as cattle, swine, and poultry. In the future, bacteria of companion animal origin will be added to the list.
“The Working Group on AMR Surveillance in Pets,” chairperson, Prof. Yutaka Tamura, was established in NVAL on September 2016. The working group exchanged opinions with experts about target animals, target bacteria, and so forth. Recently, these opinions were summarized and the outline of AMR monitoring was published. Specific details were put on the NVAL website.
The surveillance on the amount of antibiotics used for companion animals was not discussed and is thought to be a future issue.